Operating System - CPU Scheduling Criteria


Next >>

In this page, we are going to learn about the CPU scheduling criteria. The scheduling criteria helps to compare and choose the CPU scheduling algorithm which works best for us. We are going to learn about the 5 important criteria: CPU utilization, Throughput, Turnaround time, Waiting time and Response time.

CPU Utilization

To minimize the idle time of CPU, CPU can be utilized all the time. However, in case of real systems, CPU utilization should have the range from 30%(light loaded) to 80%(heavy loaded).


CPU Throughput in terms of processes: It refers to the number of processes completed per unit time. In case of long processes, it may be one process per hour whereas for short processes, it may be 10 processes per second.

Turnaround Time

It is the time duration from process submission to process execution completion.

It is the sum of

  • time taken to get memory allocation
  • waiting time spent in the ready queue
  • execution time on CPU
  • I/O time taken

Waiting Time

It is the time taken waiting in the ready queue.

Response time

It is the amount of time taken from the request submission until the first response is produced.


The main goal of any CPU scheduling algorithm is:

  • to maximize the CPU utilization and throughput and
  • to minimize the turnaround time, waiting time and response time


Next >>